40 years past from Macchu II Dam failure that took the lives of 25000 souls

Updated: Jul 28, 2020



Introduction


The Macchu II dam failure or Morbi disaster was a dam-related flood disaster which occurred on 11 August 1979, Forty years ago in India.


The Macchu II dam, situated on the Machhu river, burst, sending a wall of water through the town of Morbi. Estimates of the number of people killed range from 1800 to 25000 people.


Macchu II Dam
Macchu II Dam


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Construction of the Dam


  • Construction of the dam began in November 1967 by Manibhai & Brothers Construction.

  • 800 feet (240 m) of tightly packed walls were placed on the western flank while 4600 feet ( 1400 m) were placed on the eastern flank.

  • The spillway contained 18 cavernous floodgates and controlled the reservoir's water.

chaos in Morbi after the disaster

FAILURE


Social Impact


  • The damage costs were estimated to be around £10 million.

  • 8 days after the disaster 1137 human bodies had been disposed and 2919 animal corpses had been burnt.


Satellite picture of the dam

Environmental Impact


  • Local raw materials were used for the construction of the dam which was an earthen dam design.