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5 Structures you can't miss when visiting Madrid, Spain

Updated: Sep 14, 2020

Facts 📚📐:

  • Madrid is the capital and the largest municipality of Spain

  • Elevation: 667 m (2,188 ft)

  • Area (Capacity of city): 604.3 km^2 ( 233.3 sq mi)

  • Population(2018): 3,223,334 people (ranked 3rd in EU)

Torres Blancas

Torres Blancas is a must-visit building for Architectural lovers. Designed by famous Spanish architect Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oiza is said to be an example of " Spanish Organicism" . The structure serves as an apartment complex at a height of 71m. Construction started in 1964 and finished five years later in 1969. The reinforced concrete design was considered an innovation at the time for using cylindrical shaped cast-in concrete instead of the typical rectilinear qualities of cast-in place concrete. It is still considered one of the landmarks of Europe's modern architecture.

Plaza Mayor

  • Plaza Mayor was once the centre of the old town of Madrid.

  • The Plaza is for the people of Madrid and tourists to shop, walk around, eat, and enjoy the outdoors.

  • First built (1580–1619) during the Habsburg period of Philip III's reign.

  • TripAdvisor suggests a visit duration of 1-2 hours.

  • The Plaza measures 129 m x 94 m (423 ft x 308 ft).

  • 237 balconies are present.

In 1561 King Phillip II assigned classical architect Juan de Herrera to renovate and modernise the area of the Plaza. Construction began in 1617 and finished 2 years later in 1619.

The Plaza Mayor has gone through 3 fires during 1631 - 1790 requiring major reconstructions and redesigns. Today, the Plaza Mayor's architecture is credited to Juan de Villanueva.


2020 Travelling Essentials

Amazon's Choice


Santiago Bernabéu Stadium

  • Construction schedule: October 1944 – December 1947

  • Expanded years: 1953, 1992, 1994, 2011

  • Field size: 105 m × 68 m (344 ft × 223 ft)

  • Construction cost: €1,732,943

  • Capacity: 81,044 ( record attendance 129,690)

  • Stadium owned: Real Madrid FC

You can buy a ticket here. Tickets price vary on the game you want to watch.
Game tickets are sold in the range of 30€ - 70€.

The Santiago Bernabeu stadium, home of Real Madrid The Santiago Bernabeu stadium, home of Real Madrid ( Getty Images )

Torre Espacio


Concept 🚀

The structure evolves from a square, at its base, to a slightly curved diamond formed by the intersection of two-quarter circles in his crown.

The floor plan area starts with a 42x42m at the square base and progress to 59x30m at the top of the skyscraper. The materials used were high quality reinforced concrete that was in-situ poured into the curved shape of the structure.

Palacio de Cristal del Retiro

The Palacio de Cristal del Retiro is a conservatory (greenhouse) in the heart of Madrid's Buen Retiro Park. Build-in 1887 by architect Ricardo Velázquez Bosco, it is made of an iron frame incorporated with glass panels of various shapes. The famous conservatory has the shape of a Greek cross and stands in a height of 22m (72 feet). Opening hours are 10a.m - 10p.m everyday.

Tickets price
Adult (age 18 - 99) EUR €45.00 each
Child (age 7 - 17) EUR €45.00 each
Buy a ticket here

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