Updated: Jun 4
Type of structure: Doric peripteral temple.
Location: north-west side of the Agora of Athens, on top of the Agoraios Kolonos hill
Construction dates: 449 BC - 415 BC
Named after: Athenian hero Theseus
It is one of the best-preserved ancient temples, partly because it was transformed into a Christian church.
Dimensions: 13.71 m x 31.78 m
History of the Temple 📑
It was dedicated to Hephaestus, the ancient god of fire and Athena, goddess of pottery and crafts.
After the battle of Plataea, the Greeks swore never to rebuild their sanctuaries destroyed by the Persians during their invasion of Greece, but to leave them in ruins, as a perpetual reminder of the war.
The Athenians directed their funds towards rebuilding their economy and strengthening their influence in the Delian League. When Pericles came to power, he envisioned a grand plan for transforming Athens into the centre of Greek power and culture.
Around AD 700, the temple was turned into a Christian church, dedicated to Saint George. Exactly when the temple was converted to a Christian church remains unknown. There are assumptions however that this possibly occurred in the 7th century.
When Athens became the official capital of Greece in 1834, the publication of the relevant royal edict was made in this temple that was the place of the last public turnout of the Athenians.
In 1834, the first King of Greece