Pula Arena: The most preserved Roman Structure located outside of Italy.
Updated: Sep 1, 2020
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The Pula Arena (Italian: Arena di Pola) is the name of the amphitheatre located in Pula, Croatia. 🇭🇷
Architectural style: Roman amphitheatre
The Arena is the only remaining Roman amphitheatre to have four side towers and with all three Roman architectural orders entirely preserved.
Founded: 27 BC – 68 AD
Structural aspects 🕋
The Pula Arena is unique, as it has often been claimed that this amphitheatre is the “only remaining Roman amphitheatre to have four side towers and with all three Roman architectural orders entirely preserved”
The exterior wall is constructed in limestone.
The part facing the sea consists of three stories, while the other part has only two stories since the amphitheatre was built on a slope.
The maximum height of the exterior wall is 29.40 m (96.5 ft). The first two floors have every 72 arches, while the top floor consists of 64 rectangular openings.
The axes of the elliptical amphitheatre are 132.45 and 105.10 m (434.5 and 344.8 ft) long, and the walls stand 32.45 m (106.5 ft) high. It could accommodate 23,000 spectators in the cavea, which had forty steps divided into two meniani.
The seats rest directly on the sloping ground; The field for the games, the proper arena, measured 67.95 by 41.65 m (222.9 by 136.6 ft).
The arena had a total of 15 gates. A series of underground passageways were built underneath the arena along the main axis from which animals and fighters could be released; stores and shops were located under the raked seating.
The amphitheatre was part of the circuit of the gladiators.