The Benefits of Using Sustainable Materials in Building Construction
As the world becomes more environmentally conscious, there is a growing interest in sustainable building practices. Sustainable materials are those that have a minimal impact on the environment during their entire life cycle, from production to disposal.
Life cycle stages in Construction works as per BS EN 15978: 2011
Reduced Environmental Impact
Using sustainable materials in building construction can help reduce the carbon footprint of a building and minimize the environmental impact of the construction process. For example, materials such as bamboo, recycled steel, and reclaimed wood can be used instead of traditional materials like concrete and virgin wood, which have higher carbon footprints.
Sustainable materials are often chosen for their energy-efficiency properties. For example, insulation made from recycled materials can help reduce the amount of energy required to heat and cool a building. Similarly, energy-efficient windows and doors made from sustainable materials can reduce energy usage and lower utility bills.
A 2021 report to the UK Parliament estimated that investments worth between GBP35 billion and GBP65 billion are needed to bring all homes up to Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) Standards by 2035
Healthier Indoor Environment
Sustainable materials can also contribute to a healthier indoor environment. Many conventional building materials contain harmful chemicals that can negatively impact indoor air quality. In contrast, sustainable materials are often non-toxic, emit fewer volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and are made from natural materials. For example, natural cork flooring can be used instead of synthetic carpeting, which can emit VOCs and trap allergens.
Durability and Longevity
Sustainable materials are often chosen for their durability and longevity. Building with sustainable materials can help ensure that a building lasts longer and requires fewer repairs over time. For example, clay tiles and metal roofing are both durable and long lasting, making them a sustainable choices for roofing materials.