The Pantheon, an ancient record holder


Architectural Insight


  • The almost 2000-year-old Pantheon, one of the few ancient Roman structures still standing to its original glory, is a true testament.


  • The spectacular design, proportions, elegance, and harmony are a striking reminder of the architecture of the great Roman Empire.


  • When Michelangelo saw this wonder for the first time he said: "It looks more like the work of angels, not humans".


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The Pantheon

Build originally as a temple to all gods as its name suggests, " Pantheon" that translates to "All gods" in Greek. It is a bit of a mystery how it managed to successfully survive the damage of time and gravity, including barbarian raids.


Being one of the best-preserved Ancient Roman monuments it was turned into a church in 609 AD. The structure itself was way ahead of its time. In fact, the exact composition of the material is still unknown and appears structurally similar to modern-day concrete.

Pantheon cross-section drawing

The most fascinating part of the Pantheon is its giant dome, with its famous hole in the top (The eye of the Pantheon, or oculus). The dome was the largest in the world for 1300 years and until today it remains the largest unsupported dome in the world!