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What are the 15 personal requirements and job guides for civil engineers?

Updated: May 31, 2022

Quick Take

Civil engineers plan, design, construct, operate and maintain roads, bridges, dams, water supply schemes, sewerage systems, transportation, harbors, canals, dockyards, airports, railways, factories, and large buildings.

Civil engineers may perform the following tasks:

  1. Investigate sites to work out the most suitable foundation for a proposed construction

  2. Research and advice on the best engineering solution to meet a client’s needs and budget

  3. Produce detailed designs and documentation for the construction and implementation of civil engineering projects

  4. Organize the delivery of materials, plant, and equipment needed for the construction project and supervise labor

  5. Develop detailed programs for the coordination of site activities

  6. Talk to other engineers, architects, landscape architects, and environmental scientists

  7. Assist government bodies in preparing yearly works programs within set budgets (e.g. for works on car parks, drainage, roads, aerodromes, or sewerage)

  8. Prepare engineering calculations required for the design of projects and supervise the drafting

  9. Operate computers to assist with the design of civil engineering projects

  10. Coordinate and direct research development and testing of materials, processes, or systems related to civil engineering works

  11. Research, advise on and plan the control and minimization of air, water, and solid waste pollution, and the management of water

  12. Supervise the testing and commissioning of completed works

  13. Analyze and interpret reports on loading, labor, productivity, quality, materials, and performance

  14. Analyze risks associated with natural disasters including wind, earthquake, fire, and floods, and design structures and services to meet appropriate standards

  15. Arrange for geological and geophysical investigations and carry out feasibility studies.


Recommended to you:



  • Able to identify, analyze and solve problems

  • Good oral and written communication skills

  • Aptitude for computing and design

  • Practical and creative

  • Able to work without supervision

  • Able to work as part of a team

  • Able to accept responsibility

  • Willing to contribute and adhere to the safety requirements of the operation.


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This article is courtesy of Er. Bishwonath Paudel


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